Here are some books I found through the Tailings Good Practice site. Some are available for free download. Those on paste tailings must be ordered and paid for. I am delighted to see the first by Ted Johnson of the NRC—I had many a discussion with him over what he writes about as he reviewed our work on the UMTRA Project. Pity you have to pay to get his book—most of the ideas were formulated at taxpayer expense.

Design of Erosion Protection for Long-Term Stabilization. - Final rept.

Author: T. L. Johnson; Published: 2003


This report presents a series of methods, guidelines, and procedures that are considered by the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to be acceptable for designing erosion protection at uranium mill tailings sites. These procedures are intended to assist licensees and applicants in developing erosion protection designs that will prevent radioactive releases due to erosion. Guidance is presented for the design of soil covers, slope and swales; sacrificial soil outslopes; and rock riprap for slopes, channels, aprons, outlets, and stream banks. Guidance is also presented for methods to determine sediment yield and for acceptable construction specifications.

NOTE: May be viewed on the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission ADAMS web search by using the following Accession Number: ML022530043 at this URL:

The Long Term Stabilization of Uranium Mill Tailings: Final Report of a Co-ordinated Research Project 2000-2004

Author: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Published: 2004


This report summarizes the current state of the art of uranium mill tailings disposal and the results from an IAEA Coordinated Research Project (CRP) on technologies and strategies for their long term stabilization. The aim of the CRP was to develop conceptual and technical solutions that render tailings more inert and the impounded materials and engineered structures stable over prolonged time spans, that minimize the need for active maintenance, and that are technically and economically feasible. The emphasis was on solutions that can be applied retrospectively, in a restoration / remediation context. The document discusses that these objectives cannot be met by engineering design only, but must also involve appropriate management and planning procedures.

Seminar on Safe Tailings Dam Constructions, Gällivare, 20-21 September 2001: Technical Papers

Authors: Swedish Mining Association and the European Commission; Published: 2001


This seminar on Safe Tailings Dam Design held in Gällivare, Sweden, in September 2001, includes presentations on: safe dam construction, risk analysis, stability and environmental aspects, long term aspects of wet and dry covers, and the examination of several tailings dam failures.

Paste and Thickened Tailings – A Guide (Second Edition)

Authors: Richard Jewell and Andy Fourie; Published: 2006


Paste and thickened tailings has evolved and gained acceptance in industry primarily due to advances in preparation and distribution methods. In 1999, only 3-4 mining operations were actively using paste and thickened tailings, whereas in 2006 more than 25 operations were using this technology worldwide. The book features guidance and advice aimed at providing industry personnel with the information that will assist them in evaluating the potential of the technique for their operations and to relate to and brief their design consultants. The revised second edition features two new chapters on slurry chemistry and reagents and rewritten chapters on surface disposal, mine backfill and transport, the inclusion of filtering equipment for thickening and a number of new case studies. Particular emphasis is placed on the relative costs of different solutions.

Paste 2006 Proceedings

Authors: Richard Jewell, Simon Lawson and Phil Newman; Published: 2006


The Ninth International Seminar on Paste and Thickened Tailings – Paste 2006, was held in Limerick Ireland, April 3 to 7, 2006. This seminar focused on the latest innovations and advancements in the preparation, transportation and disposal of paste and thickened tailings in a safe and environmentally sound way. The objective of the seminar was to allow academics, designers, practitioners, consultants and suppliers to exchange knowledge, experiences and lessons learnt in different case studies and projects around the world.

Near Surface Disposal of Radioactive Waste: Safety Requirements

Author: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Published: 1999


This publication sets out the basic safety requirements related to the disposal of radioactive wastes in near surface repositories. As a IAEA Safety Requirements publication it is supported by a number of associated IAEA Safety Guides which provide guidance on the implementation of the requirements. Its principles are derived from the IAEA Safety Fundamentals publication, Safety Series No.111-F, The Principles of Radioactive Waste Management. It includes requirements for the protection of human health, requirements for the assessment procedures needed to ensure that safety is achieved, and technical requirements for waste acceptance and for siting, design, construction, operation and closure of the repository as well as for the post-closure phase.

Monitoring and Surveillance of Residues from the Mining and Milling of Uranium and Thorium

Author: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Published: 2002


This IAEA Safety Report provides technical information on the development of an effective monitoring and surveillance programme for residues from the mining and milling of radioactive ores. It provides practical examples and useful information on the implementation of such a programme. The report covers: modes of potential release of contaminants from mill tailings and mine waste; initial environmental surveys; monitoring programmes; surveillance programmes; reporting; and quality assurance.

Management of Radioactive Waste from the Mining and Milling of Ores: Safety Guide

Author: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Published: 2002


This IAEA Safety Guide provides recommendations and guidance on the safe management of radioactive waste resulting from the mining and milling of ores, with the purpose of protecting workers, the public and the environment from the consequences of these activities. Radioactive waste arises from all stages of mining and milling processes and includes, in addition to mill tailings, waste rock, mineralized waste rock and process water, including leaching solutions. Rainfall and snowmelt runoff and seepage from stockpiles and areas of uranium process plants should also be managed. The hazards to humans or to the environment posed by mining and milling waste arise not only from its radioactivity but also from the presence of toxic chemicals and other materials in the waste. The guide covers administrative, legal and regulatory framework; protection of human health and the environment; strategy for waste management; safety considerations in different phases of operations; safety assessment; quality assurance; monitoring and surveillance; and institutional control for the post-closure phase. It supplements IAEA Safety Standards Series No. WS-R-1, Near Surface Disposal of Radioactive Waste (1999).