"When the civil war between the Surinamese Army and the Maroon commandos ended in 1992, the gold industry in East Suriname was on the rise. The goldfields of Suriname are situated mainly in the Maroon areas. In the 1990s a migratory wave of Brazilian garimpeiros came to work in the Surinamese interior. The arrival of these Brazilians led to a culture of entrepeneurs and businesses wanting to produce as much as possible, as fast as possible and without any consideration for the damage the gold mining would do to the environment..."

Read Wim Hoogbergen and Dirk Kruijt's study: Gold, Garimpeiros and Maroons: Brazilian Migrants and Ethnic Relationships in Post-War Suriname.