The Environmental Literacy Council write on the topic of mine permitting and acid mine drainage: “Since the 1977 Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act mining operators are required to present a plan for minimizing or mitigating acid mine drainage before they receive a permit to begin mining.”

And they provide links to some useful reference on dealing with coal mine acid mine drainage and its prediction as part of the mine permitting process. I repeat:

Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection: Basic Acid Mine Drainage Chemistry and Passive Drainage
Pennsylvania's Department of Environmental Protection provides a general overview ofacid mine drainage as well as an extensive discussion of treatment options, including pictures and a reference list.

West Virginia University Extension Service: Passive Systems for Treating Acid Mine Drainage
This site includes an in-depth description of passive treatment methods for acid mine drainage. Each description includes the chemistry involved, as well as photographs and diagrams for each type of treatment.

Focusing on the Problem of Mining Wastes: An Introduction to Acid Mine Drainage
This paper by Thomas V. Durkin, of the South Dakota Department of Environment and Natural Resources, and Jonathan G. Herrmann, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, presents statistics on the scope of the acid mine drainage problem in the U.S. in addition to an overview of the chemistry and treatment methods used.

Classroom of the Future: Acid Mine Drainage
This module is part of the Exploring the Environment website Classroom of the Future, an educational program developed by NASA. The site includes an educational module that covers the history of coal mining and the chemistry of acid drainage; a teacher's guide and activities are also included.

U.S.G.S.: Hands on Experiments to Test for Acid Mine Drainage
The U.S. Geological Survey presents laboratory and field studies that to help students understand pH and acid mine drainage.

Incidentally they define Environmental Literacy thus: Environmental literacy requires a fundamental understanding of the systems of the natural world, the relationships and interactions between the living and the non-living environment, and the ability to deal sensibly with problems that involve scientific evidence, uncertainty, and economic, aesthetic, and ethical considerations. That sure leaves a lot to argue about.