Acid Rock Drainage (ARD) Related Reference List


 
Originally Edited by
Shannon Shaw, Robertson GeoConsultants - currently with pHase Geochemistry
 

Originally Prepared by
Rebecca Miller, R.A. Miller, R.G., Dr. Paul Mitchell, University of Bath, and
Charles Cravotta, US Geological Survey
 

Originally Maintained by
Tom Durkin, South Dakota DENR Minerals and Mining Program


 

If you have published a paper on an ARD-related topic, or if you know of additional references not shown on this list, please send the appropriate citation to [email protected]. If the paper is on the web, please include the URL address with the citation. Thanks in advance for keeping this reference list current. Please note this is not an exhaustive reference list on the subject of ARD.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


A

Abate, C., 1993, A numerical modeling approach to estimation of parameters describing groundwater flow in coal-bearing rocks of the Allegheny Plateau: University Park, Pennsylvania State University, Ph.D. thesis, 144 p.

Ackman, Terry, and Kleinmann, R.L.P., 1985, In-line aeration and treatment of acid mine drainage--performance and preliminary design criteria: U.S. Bureau of Mines Information Circular 9027, p. 53-61.

Ahonen L and Tuovinen O H. 1994. Solid phase alteration and iron transformation in column bioleaching of a complex sulfide ore. In: Alpers C.N., and Blowes, D.W., eds., Environmental Geochemistry of Sulfide Oxidation: Washington, D.C. American Chemical Society Symposium Series 550, p. 79-89.

Alarcon Leon, E. 1997. Long term mine site rehabilitation studies at Stockton open cast coal mine. Unpublished Masters Thesis, University of Canterbury, New Zealand. 400 pp.

Alexander, B., Leach, S., and Ingledew, W.J., 1987, The relationship between chemiosmotic parameters and sensitivity to anions and organic acids in the acidophile Thiobacillus ferrooxidans: Journal of General Microbiology, v. 133, p. 1171-1179.

Alexander, M., 1982, Most probable number method for microbial populations, in Page, A.L., Miller, R.H., and Keeney, D.R., eds., Methods of soil analysis, Part 2. Chemical and microbiological properties (2nd): Madison, Wis., American Society of Agronomy Monograph 9, p. 815-820.

Ali M A and Dzombak D A. 1996. Competitive sorption of simple organic acids and sulfate on goethite. Environmental Science & Technology 30, pp 1061-1071.

Ali M A and Dzombak D A. 1996. Interactions of copper, organic acids, and sulfate in goethite suspensions. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 60, pp 5045-5053.

Ali, M.A., and Dzombak, D.A., 1996, Effects of simple organic acids on sorption of Cu2+ and Ca2+ on goethite: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 60, p. 291-304.

Aljoe, W.W., 1996, Injection of alkaline ashes into underground coal mines for acid mine drainage abatement, in Proceedings of the 13th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Surface Mining and Reclamation, Knoxville, TN, p. 827.

Allison, J.D., Brown, D.S., and Novo-Gradac, K.J., 1991, MINTEQA2/PRODEFA2, a geochemical assessment model for environmental systems--version 3.0 user's manual: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Report EPA/600/3-91/021, 106 p.

Alpers C N and Blowes D W (eds). 1994. Environmental Geochemistry of Sulfide Oxidation: Washington, D.C. American Chemical Society Symposium Series 550.

Alpers C N and Nordstom D K.1991. Geochemical evolution of extremely acid mine waters at Iron Mountain, California: Are there any lower limits to pH? In: 2nd Intern. Conf. on the Abatement of Acidic Drainage, Sept. 16-18, 1991, Montreal, Canada, v. 2, p. 321-342.

Alpers, C.N., Blowes, D.W., Nordstrom, D.K., and Jambor, J.L., 1994, Secondary minerals and acid mine water chemistry, in Jambor, J.L, and Blowes, D.W., eds., Environmental geochemistry of sulfide mine-wastes: Mineralogical Association of Canada, Short Course Handbook, vol. 22, p. 247-270.

Alpers, C.N., Maenz, C., Nordstrom, D.K., Erd, R.C., and Thompson, J.M., 1991, Storage of metals and acidity by iron-sulfate minerals associated with extremely acidic mine waters, Iron Mountain, California (abs): Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 23, no. 5, p. 382.

Alpers, C.N., Nordstrom, D.K., and Ball, J.W., 1987, Solubility product of jarosite from acid mine water at Iron Mountain, California: Sciences Geologiques Bulletin, v. 42, p. 281-298.

American Society for Testing and Materials, 1995, Gaseous fuels; coal and coke: ASTM. v. 05.05. methods 3179 and 4239C.

Anderson K. 1994. Environmental management of abandoned and inactive mines. MERN Research Bulletin and Newsletter, No.6, June 1994, pp 14-16.

Anderson, M.A., and Rubin, A.J., eds., 1981, Adsorption of inorganics at solid-liquid interfaces: Ann Arbor, Mich., Ann Arbor Science Publishers, Inc., 357 p.

Anderson, M.A., Bertsch, P.M., Feldman, S.B., and Zelazny, L.W., 1991, Interactions of acidic metal-rich coal pile runoff with a subsoil: Environmental Science & Technology, v. 25, p. 2038- 2046.

Anonymous. 1991. Study on Metals Recovery/Recycling from Acid Mine Drainage. MEND Project 3.21.1(a), July 1991. Mine Environment Neutral Drainage Program, Canada.

Anonymous. 1994. Canada-wide Survey of Acid Mine Drainage Characteristics, MEND Report 3.22.1, December 1994, Mine Environment Neutral Drainage Program, Canada.

Anonymous. 1995. Acid drainage network - progress report. MERN Research Bulletin and Newsletter, No.8, p 74.

Anonymous. 1995. Network on Harmoization of Leaching/Extraction Tests Newsletter, No. 1, March 1995, 4p.

Anthony M and Flett D S. 1996. Minerals and metals recovery and the environment - an overview. In: Minerals, Metals and the Environment II, pp 1-17, The Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, London.

Anthracite Research and Development Co., Inc., 1972, Swatara Creek mine drainage pollution abatement project, part three, Operation Scarlift: Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, SL-126-3, 113 p.

Aplan, F.F., and Luckie, P.T., 1982, Methods of processing coal to remove sulfur: The Pennsylvania State University Earth and Mineral Sciences, v. 51, no. 3, p 25-29.

Appelo, C.A.J., and Postma, D., 1993, Geochemistry, groundwater and pollution: Brookfield, Vt., A.A. Balkema Publishers, 536 p.

Arakaki, T., and Mucci, A., 1995, A continuous and mechanistic representation of calcite reaction-controlled kinetics in dilute solutions at 25=B0C and 1 Atm total pressure: Aquatic Geochemistry, v. 1, p. 105-130.

Arnold D E. 1991. Diversion wells: a low-cost approach to treatment of acid mine drainage. In: Proceedings of the 12th Annual West Virginia Surface Mine Drainage Task Force Symposium, pp 39-50. Charleston, West Virginia Mining and Reclamation Association.

Aschenbach, E.T., 1995, An examination of the processes and rates of carbonate dissolution in an artificial acid mine drainage solution: University Park, Pennsylvania State University, M.S. thesis, 128 p.

Atwood J V, Redden L D and Bennett P G. 1994. Operation and potential applications of a double membrane electrolytic cell. In: Metallurgical Processes for the Early Twenty-First Century, Volume II - Technology and Practice (ed Sohn H Y), pp 1019-1033, The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, Warrendale, Pennsylvania.

B

Back, William, and Barnes, Ivan, 1965, Relation of electrochemical potentials and iron content to ground-water flow patterns: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 498-C, p. C1-C16.

Backes, C.A., Pulford, I.D., and Duncan, H.J., 1988, Treatments to combat pyrite oxidation in coal mine spoil: U.S. Bureau of Mines Information Circular IC-9183, v. 1, p. 91-96.

Baedecker, M.J., and Back, William, 1979, Hydrogeological processes and chemical reactions at a landfill: Ground Water, v. 17, p. 429-437.

Baedecker, M.J., and Back, William, 1979, Modern marine sediments as a natural analog to the chemically stressed environment of a landfill: Journal of Hydrology, v. 43, p. 393-414.

Baedecker, M.J., Back, William, and Cravotta, C.A., III, 1995, Consequences of energy use on water quality, in Carter, L.M.H., ed., Energy and the environment--application of geosciences to decision making: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1108, p. 34-36.

Bain, J.G., D. W. Blowes and W.D. Robertson, 1995. The hydrogeochemistry of a sand aquifer affected by drainage from the Nickel Rim mine tailings impoundment. Sudbury '95, Mining and the Environment, 715-723, CANMET, Ottawa, Canada.

Baker, D.E., 1985, Trace metal interactions in relation to soil loading capacities, in Criteria and recommendations for land application of sludges in the northeast: University Park, Pa., Pennsylvania State University, Bulletin 851, p. 52-54.

Baker, D.E., Bouldin, D.R., Elliot, H.A., and Miller, J.R., 1985, Recommendations for guidelines, in Criteria and recommendations for land application of sludges in the northeast: University Park, Pennsylvania State University, Bulletin 851, p. 1-6.

Baker, J.P., and Schofield, C.L., 1982, Aluminum toxicity to fish in acidic waters: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, v. 18, p. 289-309.

Baker, R.A.(Mellon Institute), 1971, Evaluation of pyritic oxidation by nuclear methods: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Water Pollution Control Research Report 14010--F1103/71.

Ball, J.W., and Nordstrom, D.K., 1991, User's manual for WATEQ4F with revised data base: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 91-183, 189 p.

Ball, J.W., Jenne, E.A., and Nordstrom, D.K., 1979, WATEQ2--A computerized chemical model for trace and major element speciation and mineral equilibria of natural waters, in Jenne, E.A., ed., Chemical modeling in aqueous systems: Washington, D.C., American Chemical Society Symposium Series 93, p. 815-836.

Ball, J.W., Nordstrom, D.K., and Jenne, E.A., 1980, Additional revised thermochemical data and computer code for WATEQ2--A computerized chemical model for trace and major element speciation and mineral equilibria of natural waters: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations WRI 78-116, 109 p.

Ball, J.W., Nordstrom, D.K., and Zachman, D.W., 1987, WATEQ4F--A personal computer FORTRAN translation of the geochemical model WATEQ2 with revised data base: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-50, 108 p.

Banaszak, K.J., 1981, Predicted changes in the mineralogy of spoil as a function of net neutralization potential and rate of flushing, in 1981 Symposium on Surface Mining Hydrology, Sedimentology and Reclamation: Lexington, Ky., University of Kentucky, p. 459-462.

Barnes, H.L., and Romberger, S.B., 1968, Chemical aspects of acid mine drainage: Journal of Water Pollution Control Federation, part 1, p. 371-384.

Barnes, Ivan, and Clarke, F.E., 1969, Chemical properties of ground water and their corrosion and encrustation effects on wells: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 498-D, p. D1-D58.

Barnes, Ivan, Stuart, W.T., and Fisher, D.W., 1964, Field investigation of mine waters in the northern anthracite field Pennsylvania: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 473-B, p. B1-B8.

Barnhisel, R.I., Powell, J.L, Akin, G.W., and Ebelhar, M.W., 1982, Characteristics and reclamation of "acid sulfate" mine spoils, in Kittrick, J.A., Fanning, D.S., and Hossner, L.R., eds., Acid sulfate weathering: Madison, Wis., Soil Science Society of America, p. 37-63.

Barton-Bridges J P and Robertson A M. 1989. Geotechnical consideration in the control of acid mine drainage. One Day Symposium on Acid Mine Drainage, Vancouver Geotechnical Society, Vancouver, May, 1989. (e-mail [email protected] for a copy of the paper)

Barton-Bridges J P and Robertson A. M. 1989. Design and reclamation of mine waste facilities to control acid mine drainage. Canadian Land Reclamation Association and the American Society for Surface Mining and Reclamation, Calgary, August, 1989. (e-mail [email protected] for a copy of the paper)

Basaran, A.H., and Tuovinen, O.H., 1987, Iron pyrite oxidation by Thiobacillus ferrooxidans-- Sulfur intermediates, soluble end products, and changes in biomass: Coal Preparation, v. 5, p. 39-55.

Bayless, E.R., and Olyphant, G.A., 1993, Acid generating salts and their relationship to the chemistry of ground water and storm runoff at an abandoned mine site in southwestern Indiana: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 12, p. 313-328.

Belzile, N., DeVitre, R.R., and Tessier, A., 1989, In situ collection of diagenetic iron and manganese oxyhydroxides from natural sediments: Nature, v. 340, p. 376-377.

Bencala, K.E., and McKnight, D.M., 1987, Identifying in-stream variability: sampling iron in an acidic stream: In Chemical Quality of Water and the Hydrologic Cycle, Averett, R.C., and McKnight D.M., Eds., Lewis Publishers, p.255-270.

Bencala, K.E., McKnight, D.M., and Zellweger, G.W., 1990, Characterization of transport in an acidic and metal-rich mountain stream based on a lithium tracer injection and simulations of transient storage: Water Resources Research, v.26, p.989-1000.

Bencala, K.E., McKnight, D.M., and Zellweger, G.W., 1987, Evaluation of natural tracers in an acidic and metal-rich stream: Water Resources Research, v.23, p.827-836.

Bencala, K.E., McKnight, D.M., Zellweger, G.W., and Goad, J., 1986, The stability of rhodamine WT dye in trial studies of solute transport in an acidic and metal-rich stream: Selected Papers in the Hydrologic Sciences, U.S. Geological Survey Water Supply Paper 2310, p.87-95. [http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/wsp/wsp2310]

Benjamin, M.M., and Leckie, J.O., 1981, Multiple-site adsorption of Cd, Cu, Zn, and Pb on amorphous iron oxyhydroxides: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, v. 79, p. 209-221.

Benner, S.G., Blowes, D.W. and C.J. Ptacek, 1997. Sulfate reduction in a permeable reactive wall for prevention of acid mine drainage. Proceedings of the Division of Environmental Chemistry, American Chemical Society Meeting, San Francisco, CA, April 13-17, 1997, 4 pp.

Benner, S.G., Blowes, D.W., Ptacek, C.J., 1997, A full-scale porous reactive wall for prevention of acid mine drainage. Ground Water Monitoring & Remediation Vol. 17, No. 4, pp. 99-107.

Benner, S.G., Smart, E.W., Moore, J.N., 1995, Metal behavior during surface-groundwater interaction, Silver Bow Creek, Montana. Enivron. Sci. Tchnol. Vol. 29 No. 7 pp. 1789-1795.

Bennett, J.W. & Lawton, M.D. 1995. Assessment of the Rum Jungle Strategy for acid mine drainage control. Proceedings: Second Australian Acid Mine Drainage Workshop, Charters Towers, Queensland, 28-31 March 1995, Grundon N.J. & Bell, L.C. (Eds), p 179-190. Australian Centre for Minesite Rehabilitation Research. Brisbane, Qld, Australia.

Bennett, J.W., Harries, J.R., and Ritchie, A.I.M., 1988, Rehabilitation of waste dumps at the Rum Jungle mine site: U.S. Bureau of Mines Information Circular 9183, v. 1, p. 104-108.

Berg, T.M., McInerney, M.K., Way, J.H., and MacLachlan, D.B., 1983, Stratigraphic correlation chart of Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania Geological Survey, Fourth Series, General Geology Report 75.

Berger Associates, Inc., 1972, Swatara Creek mine drainage pollution abatement project, part two, Operation Scarlift: Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, SL-126-2, 168 p.

Berner, R.A., 1984, Sedimentary pyrite formation--An update: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 48, p. 605-615.

Bertsch, P.M., Miller, W.P., Anderson, M.A., and Zelazny, L.W., 1989, Coprecipitation of iron and aluminum during titration of mixed Al3+, Fe3+, and Fe2+ solutions: Clays and Clay Minerals, v. 37, p. 12-18.

Bethke, C.M., 1996, Geochemical reaction modeling--concepts and applications: New York, Oxford University Press, 397 p.

Beyer, M., Ebner, H.G., and Klein, J., 1986, Bacterial desulfurization of German hard coal, in Lawrence, R.W., Branion, R.M.R., and Ebner, H.G., eds., Fundamental and applied biohydrometallurgy: Elsevier, Process Metallurgy 4, p. 151-170.

Bhatti T M, Bigham J M, Vuorinen A, and Tuovinen O H. 1994. Alteration of mica and feldspar associated with the microbiological oxidation of pyrrhotite and pyrite. In: Alpers C.N., and Blowes, D.W., eds., Environmental Geochemistry of Sulfide Oxidation. Washington, D.C. American Chemical Society Symposium Series 550, pp 90-105.

Bhole A G. 1994. Acid mine drainage and its treatment. In: Proc. Int. Symp. on the Impact of Mining on the Environment, Problems and Solutions, pp 131-142, A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Biehler, D. 1995. Zur geochemischen Entwicklung von Grubenwaessern im ehemaligen Uranbergwerk Koenigstein, Sachsen, Deutschland, Teil 1: Problemstellung und Datengrundlage. In: Uranium Mining and Hydrogeology, Proceedings of the International Conference and Workshop Freiberg, Germany, Oct. 1995, Verlag Sven von Loga, Koeln 1995, S. 35-41

Bigham, J.M., Schwertmann, U., and Pfab, G., 1996, Influence of pH on mineral speciation in a bioreactor simulating acid mine drainage: Applied Geochemistry, v. 11, p.845-849.

Bigham, J.M., Schwertmann, U., Traina, S.J., Winland, R.L., and Wolf, M., 1996, Schwertmannite and the chemical modeling of iron in acid sulfate waters: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 60, p. 2111-2121.

Bird L. 1994. Assessing cost of treatment technologies for discharges from disused mines. In: Managing Abandoned Mine Effluents & Discharges, Conference organized by IBC International (London, UK), Thursday, 30th September 1994.

Blevins, D.W., and Chafin, D.T., 1988, Determination of chemical processes in coal-mine spoil in west-central Missouri using sulfur and oxygen isotopes, in Symposium on Surface Mining Hydrology, Sedimentology, and Reclamation: Lexington, Ky., University of Kentucky, p. 53-57.

Blickwedel, R.S., and Linn, J.H., 1987, Hydrogeology and ground-water quality at a land reclamation site, Neshaminy State Park, Pennsylvania: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 86-4164, 41 p.

Blowes, D.W. and J.L. Jambor, 1990. The pore-water geochemistry and mineralogy of the vadose zone of the Waite Amulet mine tailings impoundment, Noranda, Quebec. Applied Geochemistry, 5:327-346.

Blowes, D.W., and Ptacek, C.J., 1994, Acid-neutralization mechanisms in inactive mine tailings, in Jambor, J.L, and Blowes, D.W., eds., Environmental geochemistry of sulfide mine-wastes: Mineralogical Association of Canada, Short Course Handbook, vol. 22, p. 271-292.

Blowes, D.W., J.A. Cherry, E.J. Reardon and J.L. Jambor, 1991. The formation and potential importance of cemented layers in inactive sulfide mine tailings. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 55:965-978.

Blowes, D.W., Moncur, M.C., Smith, L., Sego, S., Bennett, J., Garvie, A., Linklater, C., Gould, D., and Reinson, J, 2006. Construction of two large-scale waste rock piles in a continuous permafrost region. 7th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage, March 27-30, 2006, St. Louis, Mo., USA.

Blowes, D.W., Ptacek, C.J., Benner, S.G., Waybrant, K.R., and J.G. Bain, 1997. Porous reactive walls for the prevention of acid mine drainage: a review. Accepted for publication in Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgical Reviews.

Blowes, D.W., Ptacek, C.J., Waybrant, K.R., Bain, J.D. and W.D. Robertson, 1995. Treatment of mine drainage water using in situ permeable reactive walls. Sudbury '95, Mining and the Environment, 979-987, CANMET, Ottawa, Canada.

Blowes, D.W., T.A. Al, L. Lortie, W.D. Gould and J.L. Jambor, 1995. Microbiological, Chemical, Mineralogical characterization of the Kidd Creek mine-tailings impoundment, Timmins Area, Ontario. Geomicrobiology Journal, 13:13-31.

Boland, K.T. & Lawton, M.D.1997. Seasonal water quality variations in the Rum Jungle Voids. Proceedings of ACMRR Workshop on Post-mining landform stability and design, Brisbane, September 1996. Australian Centre for Minesite Rehabilitation Research. (Brisbane, Qld, Australia)., p161-172.

Boling S D and Kobylinski E A. 1992. Treatment of metal-contaminated acidic mine drainage. In: 47th Purdue Industrial Waste Conference Proceedings, pp 669-676, Lewis Publishers, Inc., Chelsea, Michigan.

Borek, S.L. 1994. Effect of humidity on pyrite oxidation. In: Environmental Geochemistry of Sulfide Oxidation(Alpers, C.N. and Blowes, D.W., eds.), Washington, D.C. American Chemical Society Symposium Series 550, p. 31-44.

Borek, S.L., 1992, The effect of humidity on pyrite oxidation (abs.), in Book of Abstracts 204th ACS National Meeting, Washington, D.C., August 23-28, 1992: Washington, D.C., American Chemical Society, Part 1, GEOC 13.

Bos, P., and Kuenen, J.G., 1990, Microbial treatment of coal, in Ehrlich, H.L., and Brierley, C.L., eds., Microbial mineral recovery: New York, McGraw-Hill, p. 343-377.

Bos, P., Huber, T.F., Kos, C.H., Ras, C., and Kuenen, J.G., 1986, A Dutch feasibility study on microbial coal desulfurization, in Lawrence, R.W., Branion, R.M.R., and Ebner, H.G., eds., Fundamental and applied biohydrometallurgy: Elsevier, Process Metallurgy 4, p. 129-150.

Bouwer, H., 1989, The Bouwer and Rice slug test--An update: Ground Water, v. 27, p. 304-309.

Bowell R J, Fuge R, Connelly R and Sadler P J K. 1996. Controls on ochre chemistry and precipitation from coal and metal mines. In: Minerals, Metals and the Environment II, pp 293-321, The Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, London.

Boyer, J., and Sarnoski, B., 1995, 1995 progress report--statement of mutal intent strategic plan for the restoration and protection of streams and watersheds polluted by acid mine drainage from abandoned coal mines: Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 33 p., appendix http://www.epa.gov/reg3giss/datalib/metamd95.htm

Boyer, E.W., Hornberger, G.M., Bencala, K.E., and McKnight, D.M. Effects of asynchronous snowmelt of flushing of dissolved organic carbon: a mixing model approach. Hydrological Processes, 14 (2000), 3291-3308.

Boyer, E.W., Hornberger, G.M., Bencala, K.E., and McKnight, D.M. Response characteristics of DOC flushing in an alpine catchment. Hydrological Processes, 11 (1997) p.1635-1647.

Boyer, E.W., McKnight, D.M., Bencala, K.E., Brooks, P.D., Anthony, M.W., Zellweger, G.W., and Harnish, R.E., 1999, Streamflow and water quality characteristics for the Upper Snake River and Deer Creek Catchments in Summit County, Colorado: Water Years 1980 to 1990. Occasional Paper No. 53, Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado. pp.81+diskett.

Boyle, M., 1990, Biodegradation of land-applied sludge: Journal of Environmental Quality, v. 19, p. 640-644.

Bradham, W.S., and Caruccio, F.T., 1990, A comparative study of tailings analysis using acid/base accounting, cells, columns and soxhlets, in Proceedings of the 1990 Mining and Reclamation Conference and Exhibition: Morgantown, West Virginia University, v. 1, p. 19-25.

Brady K B C, Perry E F, Beam R L, et al., 1994. Evaluation of acid-base accounting to predict the quality of drainage at surface coal mines in Pennsylvania, USA. In: U.S. Bur. of Mines Special Publication SP-06A-94, p. 138-147.

Brady K B C, Rose A W, Cravotta C A, and Hellier W W. 1997. Bimodal distribution of pH in coal mine drainage (abst.). Geol. Soc. Am., Abstracts with Programs, v. 29(1), p. 32.

Brady K, Smith M W, Beam R L, and Cravotta C A. 1990. Effectiveness of the use of alkaline materials at surface coal mines in preventing or abating AMD: Part 2. Mine site case studies. In: Proceedings of the 1990 Mining and Reclamation Conference, WV Univ., Morgantown, WV, pp 227-241.

Brady, K.B.C., and Cravotta, C.A., III, 1992, Acid base accounting--An improved method of interpreting overburden chemistry to predict the quality of coal-mine drainage, in Proceedings 13th Annual Meeting West Virginia Surface Mine Drainage Task Force: Morgantown, W.Va., West Virginia University, 10 p.

Brady, K.B.C., and Hornberger, R.J., 1989, Mine drainage prediction and overburden analysis in Pennsylvania, in Proceedings 10th Annual Meeting West Virginia Surface Mine Drainage Task Force: Morgantown, W.Va., West Virginia University, 13 p.

Brady, K.B.C., and Smith, M.W., 1990, Pyritic sulfur analyses for coal overburden--differences between laboratories, in 1990 Symposium on Surface Mining Hydrology, Sedimentology and Reclamation: Lexington, Ky., University of Kentucky, p. 53-58.

Brady, K.B.C., Rose, A.W., and Abate, C., 1992, Implications of carbonate weathering on hydrogeology, coal overburden chemistry, and groundwater quality (abs.): Geological Society of America, GSA Abstracts with Programs, v. 24, no. 3, p. 9.

Brady, K.B.C., Rose, A.W., Hawkins, J.W., and DiMatteo, M.R., 1996, Shallow ground water flow in unmined regions of the northern Appalachian Plateau--Part 2. Geochemical characteristics, in Proceedings 13th Annual Meeting American Society for Surface Mining and Reclamation: Princeton, W.V., American Society for Surface Mining and Reclamation, p. 52-62.

Brady, K.B.C., Shaulis, J.R., and Skema, V.W., 1988, A study of mine drainage quality and prediction using overburden analysis and paleoenvironmental reconstructions, Fayette County, Pennsylvania: U.S. Bureau of Mines Information Circular 9183, v. 1, p. 33-43.

Brady, N.C., 1974, The nature and properties of soils (8th): New York, Macmillon, 639 p.

Brady, N.C., 1974, The nature and properties of soils (8th): New York, Macmillon Publishing Co., Inc., 639 p.

Brant, D.L., and Ziemkiewicz, P.F., 1997, Passive removal of manganese from acid mine drainage in Proceedings of the 1997 National Meeting of the American Society for Surface Mining and Reclamation, May 10-15, 1997, Austin, Texas: Princeton, W.V., American Society for Surface Mining and Reclamation, p. 741-744.

Breen, K.J., 1982, Control of Eh and pH to evaluate the rate of pyrite oxidation: University Park, Pennsylvania State University, M.S. paper, 52 p.

Breen, K.J., 1988, Geochemistry of the stratified-drift aquifer in Killbuck Creek Valley west of Wooster, Ohio, in Randall, A.D., and Johnson, A.I., eds., Regional aquifer systems of the United States--The northeast glacial aquifers: American Water Resources Association AWRA Monograph 11, p. 105-131.

Bremner, J.M., and Blackmer, A.M., 1982, Composition of soil atmospheres, in Page, A.L., Miller, R.H., and Keeney, D.R., eds., Methods of soil analysis, Part 2--Chemical and microbiological properties: Madison, Wis., American Society of Agronomy, p. 873-901.

Bricker, O.P., 1965, Some stability relations in the system Mn-O2-H2O at 25 °C and one atmosphere total pressure: American Mineralogist, v. 50, p. 1296-1354.

Brickett, L.A., Hammack, R.W., and Edenborn, H.M., 1995, Comparison of methods used to inhibit bacterial activity in sulfide ore bioleaching experiments: Hydrometallurgy, v. 39, p. 293-305.

Brierley, C.L., 1982, Microbiological mining: Scientific American, v. 247, no. 2, p. 44-53.

Brierley, C.L., and Brierley, J.A., 1981, Microbiological processes in recovery of metals from ores, in Kuhn, M.C., ed., Process and fundamental considerations of selected hydrometallurgical systems: New York, AIME, p. 63-68.

Brierley, J.A., 1990, Acidophilic thermophilic archaebacteria--Potential application for metals recovery: FEMS Microbiology Reviews, v. 75, p. 287-292.

Britton, L.J., and Greeson, P.E., eds., 1987, Methods for collection and analysis of aquatic biological and microbiological samples: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques of Water-Resources Investigations, Book 5, Chapter A4, 363 p.

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Lawrence, R.W. 1990. Laboratory procedures for the prediction of long term weathering characteristics of mining wastes. Proc. Symposium on Acid Mine Drainage; Annual Meeting Geological Assoc. Canada and Mineralogical Assoc. Canada, Vancouver, B.C., May 16-18, 1990.

Lawrence, R.W. 1990. Predicting the impact of the disposal of mining and processing wastes. Proc. 4th Western Regional Conference on Precious Metals and the Environment, Lead, S.Dakota, Sept 19-22, 1-12, 1990.

Lawrence, R.W. 1991. Interpretation of laboratory data for the prediction of long term weathering behaviour of mining wastes, Environmental Management for the 1990's. Presented at Society of Mining Engineers, AIME Annual Meeting, Denver, CO, February 25-28, 1991.

Lawrence, R.W. 1993. The challenge of environmental education in today's minerals industry. Presented to Vancouver Branch of CIM, March 26, 1993.

Lawrence, R.W. 1993-94. Acid Rock Drainage - The Challenge. Invited as Distinguished Lecturer of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy to give paper at CIM Branches in Val D'Or, Campbell River, Quebec City, Chicoutimi, Calgary and Whitehorse, 1993-94.

Lawrence, R.W. 1994. Acid rock drainage - fundamentals and prediction. Presented at a special session of the Canadian Mineral Processors Annual Conference, Ottawa, January 18-20, 1994.

Lawrence, R.W. 1994. Database for ARD Research and Monitoring On Waste Rock Dumps. Report to MEND on DSS Contract No. 23440-3-9011/01-SQ, MEND Project No. 1.41.2, April, 1994

Lawrence, R.W. 1994. DBARD, The Database for Acid Rock Drainage, MEND Project No. 1.12.1a and BC AMD Task Force Project No. 1.20, January, 1994.

Lawrence, R.W. 1995. A review of acid rock drainage prediction. Invited presentation at Mine Reclamation Workshop, Annual Meeting of Canadian Mineral Analysts, Kelowna, B.C., September 11-13 (1995).

Lawrence, R.W. 1995. Acid rock drainage research at the University of British Columbia. 3rd B.C. ARD Symposium, Vancouver, November, 1995.

Lawrence, R.W. 1996. Developments in the measurement of neutralization potential of mine wastes. Presented at 4th B.C. ARD Symposium, Vancouver, November, 1996.

Lawrence, R.W. 1996. The management of acid rock drainage in the mining industry. Invited paper at VIII Encuentro Sobre Procesamiento de Minerales, Instituto de Metalurgia de la Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosi, Mexico, 6-9 August, 1996.

Lawrence, R.W. 1998. Biotechnology in the mining industry. Presented at 7th Conference on Biotechnology and Bioprocessing, Mazatlan, Mexico, September, 1997. In: Advances in Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering, O.T. Ramirez (ed), Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1998.

Lawrence, R.W. and Harries, L.M. 1993. Acid rock drainage databases at the University of British Columbia. Presented at 2nd Annual British Columbia Acid Mine Drainage Task Force Symposium, Vancouver, November 16-17, 1993.

Lawrence, R.W. and Harries, L.M. 1995. DBARD for Paradox: Developments in DBARD - the Database for Acid Rock Drainage. MEND Report Project 1.12.1b, March 31, 1995.

Lawrence, R.W. and Poulin, R. 1995. Evaluation of the Potential for Biotechnology in the Canadian Mining Industry. Report to Industry Science and Technology, Contract No. HQ667HMB-4-0707 and to Natural Resources Canada, Contract No. 23440 -4-1163/01-SQ., May, 1995.

Lawrence, R.W. and Poulin, R. 1995. The demand for biotechnology in mining in the 21st century. In: Biohydrometallurgical Processing, Volume 1, eds. T. Vargas, C.A. Jerez, J.V. Wieretz and H. Toledo, Proc. of International Biohydrometallurgy Symposium, Vina del Mar, Chile, Nov 19-22, 1995, 185-195.

Lawrence, R.W. and Poulin, R. 1996. Control of mining effluents using biotechnology. In: Environmental Issues and Waste Management in Energy and Mineral Production. Ed. R. Ciccu. Proc. 4th International Symposium on Environmental Issues and Waste Management in Energy and Mineral Production, Cagliari, Italy, October 7-11, 1996, 461-468.

Lawrence, R.W. and Poulin, R. 1998. Economic potential of bioprocessing in mining. Invited paper for special session at 30th Annual Mineral Processors Operators Conference, Ottawa, Ontario, January 20-22.

Lawrence, R.W. and Scheske, M. 1997. A method to calculate the neutralization potential of mining wastes. Environmental Geology, 32 (2), 100-106.

Lawrence, R.W. and Sherlock, E.J. 1995. Databases for acid rock drainage prediction and monitoring. Proc. 3rd Canadian Conf. Computer Applications in the Mineral Industry, Montreal, October 22-25, 825-833, 1995.

Lawrence, R.W. and Wang, Y. 1996. Critical Evaluation of Static Test Procedures for Acid Rock Drainage Prediction. Report to Environment Canada and Hudson Bay Mining and Smelting, MEND Project 1.16.3, July 31, 1996.

Lawrence, R.W., Branion, R.M.R., and Ebner, H.G., eds., 1986, Fundamental and applied biohydrometallurgy--Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Biohydrometallurgy, Vancouver, B.C., Canada, August 21-24, 1985: New York, Elsevier, 501 p.

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