With Thanks to Vitex
Revision: 24 August 2006
Authors: Dan Oancea & Jack Caldwell
All mines start with exploration. No two exploration programs are alike. Here I provide a brief overview of web resources you may find useful and/or interesting. If you can add to this store of information, please let me know so we can share your insight and information with the greater community.
The InfoMine library is full of publications on Exploration—296 when last I checked. Surely there is something there relevant to your interest. One of the most recent papers in John Chadwick of International Mining on Worldwide Exploration. See also his paper with the irresistible title New Spanish Conquests—yes it is about exploration. The paper with the best title, in my humble opinion, though is Turkish Delight—yes it too is about exploration.
This review is not for “continuing education.”..I you seek education, I can do no better than recommend the EduMine course “Exploration and Mining Geology 3 – Surface Geologic Data.” I avoid replicating information in the EduMine course. This review is my perspective; I write about what interests me, what has comes to my attention, and where I think I may add value. If you have other information, perspective, or companies that I do not mention, please bring them to my attention so I may add your ideas and information to revisions of this document.
In the InfoMine database are 83 consultants who list exploration as one of the service they provide. I found no commonality in the specifics of what they do. Thus I compile a list of specific activities that appear to constitute exploration as a consulting service. You will of course have to tailor the list to your exploration activities. For example one reader of this review suggests the activity breakdown list of Table 2 in lieu of what I put in Table 1.
EXPLORATION WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE
Alternative WBS for Exploration Geology Studies
4.1 Preliminary Studies:
- Literature Search
- Evaluating Geologic Data
- Reconnaissance Project Designing
(including Methods Selection; Logistics
planning; Airborne and Satellite
- Data collection
- Geological Mapping and Surveying
Coordinating Geophysical work (Ground and
Airborne Geophysics): Method
Selection; Sampling and Orientation; Survey control; Data acquiring;
- Audio Frequency Magnetic
- Ground Penetrating Radar
- Nuclear Activation
- Geochemical prospecting (Method Selection – Rock, Soil, Stream Sediment Sampling ; Sampling Program Coordinating; Sample analysis; Statistical Treatment and Geologic Evaluation of Data; Target Investigation; Interpretation)
- Geobotanical prospecting (Method Selection; Sampling Program Coordinating; Sample analysis; Statistical Treatment and Geologic Evaluation of Data; Interpretation)
- Trenching and sampling
- Drilling program (Method selection – Auger, Core and Specialized; Drill-Hole Patterns and Sequences; Logging of Data; Maps, Sections and Profiles; Comprehensive Reports)
- Mineralogical, petrologic, ore studies
- Sampling and Mapping of Mine Workings
- Bulk sampling
- Grade and Tonnage Resource Estimations
- Geologic Data Compilation and Database Management
- Development and implementation of GIS integrated database for land management
4.4 Examination and Evaluation of Prospects and Mines
- Mineral Property Reports including:
- Country and regional mineral potential reports
- Resource and reserve estimation and audits
- Mineral property appraisals, evaluations and due diligence reviews
- Reserve Calculations
- Independent project reviews
Here are extracts from the websites of some of the many consultants who provide services to the exploration sector of the mining market. I select the text on the basis that it opens a window on to the activities and attitudes that make or break a successful exploration program.
Rojas & Associates: We have planned and conducted prospecting, drilling and other advanced exploration projects, providing the required human resources and equipment.
White Geoservices Pty Ltd Provides contract/consulting geological services to the minerals exploration and mining industry, with emphasis on project management.
Terralogic Corporation If you want to plan, discuss or get an experienced opinion of your uranium exploration program please contact me. While I no longer acquire field data, (leaving that to fitter explorers), I am available to travel to explorations sites, direct radiation acquisition programs and most certainly interpret the data.
G.F. Consult with Guy Franceshi: Mineral exploration and evaluation of base- and precious metals, gemstones and industrial minerals;selection and identification of exploration and investment projects; planning and implementation of exploration programs, data interpretation and resource assessment.
NMV:Consulting services to the exploration and mining industry; Assistance with the identification of business opportunities and implementation of exploration projects; Project management and organization and execution of mineral exploration for a variety of commodities and ranging from grassroots exploration to detailed prospect evaluation.
Duncan Bain: A n experienced Exploration and Mining Geologist specializing in base and precious metal mineral deposits, familiar with the requirements of National Instrument 43-101, and meets the requirements of a ‘Qualified Person’ (QP) as outlined in that document.
Engineering, in spite of its name, boasts excellence in exploration since
1987. They write: Henry Awmack
and David Caulfield recognized the need for a geological consulting firm in
Brian Cole P.Geo (Ont) A Canadian Mineral Exploration Geologist with over 26 years Domestic & International Experience in Gold, PGM, & Base Metals. Direct Hands-On Experience with Several Multimillion oz Gold Deposits throughout the World:
Frank Renaudat: Camp construction; Geochemistry soil, silt, rocks; Trench drilling and blasting; GPS usage 10 years; Experienced in heavy equipment operation;Staking in 5 Canadian provinces; Blasting License Single Fuse (BC 1982).
GeoVector Management Inc. Will generate quality targets for exploration and mining companies to pursue; will carry out programs from prospecting, mapping, geophysical and geochemical surveying to drilling; will ensure your project has the right combination of exploration, geotechnical, resource estimating, metallurgical, engineering, environmental, community and aboriginal impact assessments done to carry out advanced economic analysis.
G.N. Lustig Consulting Ltd provides professional geoscience consulting to the mineral exploration industry
Hayles GeoSciences Surveys An amusing site with a little guy walking across the screen. I was visitor 560 to the site so go and help his numbers climb. Appears to provide mainly surface surveys boreholes surveys, airborne geophysics, and data plotting services.
OREQUEST Consultants Ltd. Expertise includes implementation and management of all aspects of exploration programs including research, property acquisition, geological mapping, geochemical sampling, trenching, surveying, geophysical surveys, diamond drilling reserve definition and underground development.
ResourceEye Services Inc. is run by Tracey Tanaka who as CEO and senior project manager has over ten years in environmental and geologic services to the resource sector.
SabreX I am Peter Bernier, owner/operator of Sabre Exploration Services. As owner/operator of Sabre Exploration Services, I am dedicated to providing hands on expert workmanship and personal onsite quality control of all contracts. Each and every one of my employees is mandated to follow specific and exact work code and ethic with proficiency and expediency.
Vitex Mr. Viteri, a geologist graduated from the “Universidad de Chile”, has an extensive experience in mineral exploration in various countries, and has participated in the discovery of several deposits.
Exploraberg Our mission is to explore, for you to transform key observations into profitable mine resources.
Alain Marot Program design, management and implementation. Exploration of precious and base metals mineralisation, from geological appraisal, area selection to reconnaissance programs to resource evaluation.
Wolfgang Hampel I work both independently or as a member of a project team. I have a valid driving license, both national and international and I am prepared to work in almost any part of the world.
Richard Parker Consulting Mining Geologist Provides an independent consultancy service to the international minerals industry: Exploration project conception; Country and regional mineral potential reports; Exploration project management; Resource and reserve estimation and audits; Mineral property appraisals, evaluations and due diligence reviews;
American Geological Services. Exploration and mining professionals with extensive experience on a diverse range of domestic and international projects.
Geological Services, The only full service consulting company dedicated to
the Mining Industry in
Donald G. Strachan, Geologist Economic Geology, Mining, & Hydrogeology
Exploration Technology we spent more than a decade doing the 'dirty work' before getting into target generation, project management, exploration management, and GIS - database management.
George Hamilton I provide written reports with maps and other graphic material which are strictly private to the client and not available to the public.
Stone Products Consultants Specializes in the technology of products produced from geologic materials. We offer services in three primary areas: Geologic Exploration, Petrographic Analyses, and Research and Development
CM Tracing Mineral Exploration Consultant in Quaternary Geology & Geochemistry.
was founded in 1984 by David Pratt and Ian Grierson. During the early 1980s
most exploration software required large and expensive mainframe computers to
operate. Dave and Ian recognized that the evolving field of personal computing
would have an increasing effect on the way people work. Their first goal for
Encom was to develop a range of exploration software programs which would run
on less expensive microcomputers. During the 1980s, the business expanded from
this original focus to encompass geophysical consulting and data services.
Encom is now a leading innovator and major supplier of specialist software,
data and services to the petroleum and mineral exploration industries in
How Compliant is your Data?
Maxwell Geoservices I met in downtown
Surpac Minex provides a leading suite of mineral exploration software tools for exploration geologists that incorporates borehole/drillhole and data interpretation, geology modeling and plotting tools, including Borehole logging / drillhole logging software tools
Geosoft has these codes:
· Oasis montaj™ is powerful mapping and processing software for exploration and earth science investigations. > more
· acQuire provides a solution for the storage and management of technical exploration data. > more
· Geosoft DAP is technology for delivering and accessing large geoscientific datasets via the Internet or Intranet. > more
Maybe the site was down: I could not bring it up. But they must be good for Google ranks them number one under a search for “exploration software” I refer to this web address: www.explorationgeo.com. And this blurb: World’s most popular mineral exploration, geoscience and geology borehole logging and section software for geologists. Download free trials and tutorials.
I plug 1984
Enterprises Inc. because I was honored on a sunny winter day to have lunch
in a beautiful
Imagine you are a small or mid-sized exploration and/or mining company. You do not have head-office health and safety staff. But you are running far-flung drilling and exploration programs. Contact Lise Tompson and she will set up and run the health and safety program for the exploration program. She will write your health and safety plan, get your drilling permits, train your staff in health and safety procedures, put professionals on site to help keep your staff safe and healthy, audit your operations, and keep your health and safety records.
On her website is a 22-page Manual that I recommend both to get a better idea of the scope of the company services and simply if you want an overview of what should be in an exploration program health and safety plan.
McMillian Binch Mendelsohn provides legal services to the mineral
exploration and mining industries, in
Lawson Lundell LLP. Mining law has been a mainstay of Lawson Lundell's practice for nearly 100 years. Examples of our work include:
Parr Waddoups attorneys have extensive experience with the mining and natural resources industries, including: public land use and regulation such as ownership, access, usage rights, mining claims, mineral leases, permitting, patenting, operational agreements, acquisitions, divestitures, title and ownership analysis, boundary disputes, and regulatory compliance.
Parsons Behle & Latimer attorneys serve domestic and international mining companies in financing; mergers and acquisitions; joint ventures; exploration agreements; environmental permitting, compliance and diligence; title, mining claims, and other land use authorizations; royalty and refining agreements; complex joint operating agreements; water rights; electrical power supply and infrastructure; or appeals and litigation.
The Prospectors and Developers Association of Canada (PDAC) is a national association representing the interests of the mineral exploration and development industry. The association, which includes individual and corporate members, was established in March 1932. Click here for an account of the first meeting.
The work of the association is guided by the following mission statement:
The PDAC exists to protect and promote the interests of the
Canadian mineral exploration sector and to ensure a robust mining industry in
On their website you will find past conference papers—but sadly not the 2006 proceedings. Also news and views relevant to Canadian exploration professionals. If you have money, take a look at the bookstore for a collection of relevant but expensive books.
A fun site is that of the PPDA (Porcupine Prospectors and Developers Association), a lobby group representing the interests of mineral explorationists in the Porcupine District of Northeastern Ontario. They concern themselves with local, provincial and national issues affecting members.
See also The Association of Applied Geochemists for more on the role of geochemists in mining exploration.
Codes of Practice