The | 1st | needle of | 23 | duellae of | silver and | 1 | duella of gold |

" | 2nd | " | 22 | " | " | 2 | duellae of gold |

" | 3rd | " | 21 | " | " | 3 | " |

" | 4th | " | 20 | " | " | 4 | " |

" | 5th | " | 19 | " | " | 5 | " |

" | 6th | " | 18 | " | " | 6 | " |

" | 7th | " | 17 | " | " | 7 | " |

" | 8th | " | 16 | " | " | 8 | " |

" | 9th | " | 15 | " | " | 9 | " |

" | 10th | " | 14 | " | " | 10 | " |

" | 11th | " | 13 | " | " | 11 | " |

" | 12th | " | 12 | " | " | 12 | " |

" | 13th | " | 11 | " | " | 13 | " |

" | 14th | " | 10 | " | " | 14 | " |

" | 15th | " | 9 | " | " | 15 | " |

" | 16th | " | 8 | " | " | 16 | " |

" | 17th | " | 7 | " | " | 17 | " |

" | 18th | " | 6 | " | " | 18 | " |

" | 19th | " | 5 | " | " | 19 | " |

" | 20th | " | 4 | " | " | 20 | " |

" | 21st | " | 3 | " | " | 21 | " |

" | 22nd | " | 2 | " | " | 22 | " |

" | 23rd | " | 1 | " | " | 23 | " |

" | 24th | " | pure gold |

The | 1st of 12 | duellae of gold and | 12 | duellae of copper |

" | 2nd of 13 | " | 11 | " |

" | 3rd of 14 | " | 10 | " |

" | 4th of 15 | " | 9 | " |

" | 5th of 16 | " | 8 | " |

" | 6th of 17 | " | 7 | " |

" | 7th of 18 | " | 6 | " |

" | 8th of 19 | " | 5 | " |

" | 9th of 20 | " | 4 | " |

" | 10th of 21 | " | 3 | " |

" | 11th of 22 | " | 2 | " |

" | 12th of 23 | " | 1 | " |

" | 13th of | pure gold |

Gold | Silver | Copper | ||||||||

The | 1st of 12 | duellae | 6 | duellae | 0 | sextula | 6 | duellae | 0 | sextula |

The | 2nd of 13 | " | 5 | " | 1 | " | 5 | " | 1 | " |

The | 3rd of 14 | " | 5 | " | 5 | " | ||||

The | 4th of 15 | " | 4 | " | 1 | " | 4 | " | 1 | " |

The | 5th of 16 | " | 4 | " | 4 | " | ||||

The | 6th of 17 | " | 3 | " | 1 | " | 3 | " | 1 | " |

The | 7th of 18 | " | 3 | " | 3 | " | ||||

The | 8th of 19 | " | 2 | " | 1 | " | 2 | " | 1 | " |

The | 9th of 20 | " | 2 | " | 2 | " | ||||

The | 10th of 21 | " | 1 | " | 1 | " | 1 | " | 1 | " |

The | 11th of 22 | " | 1 | " | 1 | " | ||||

The | 12th of 23 | " | 1 | " | ||||||

" | 13th of | pure gold |

Gold | Silver | Copper | ||||||

Duellae | Duellae | Sextulae | Siliquae | Duellae | Sextulae | Siliquae | ||

The | 1st of | 12 | 9 | 0 | 0 | 3 | 0 | 0 |

The | 2nd " | 12 | 8 | 0 | 0 | 4 | 0 | 0 |

The | 3rd " | 12 | 7 | 5 | ||||

The | 4th " | 13 | 8 | 1/2 | 2 | 1/2 | ||

The | 5th " | 13 | 7 | 1/2 | 4 | 3 | 1 | 8 |

The | 6th " | 13 | 6 | 1/2 | 8 | 4 | 1 | 4 |

The | 7th " | 14 | 7 | 1 | 2 | 1 | ||

The | 8th " | 14 | 6 | 1 | 8 | 3 | 1/2 | 4 |

The | 9th " | 14 | 5 | 1 1/2 | 4 | 4 | 8 | |

The | 10th " | 15 | 6 | 1 1/2 | 2 | 1/2 | ||

The | 11th " | 15 | 6 | 3 | ||||

The | 12th " | 15 | 5 | 1/2 | 3 | 1 1/2 | ||

The | 13th " | 16 | 6 | 2 | ||||

The | 14th " | 16 | 5 | 1/2 | 4 | 2 | 1 | 8 |

The | 15th " | 16 | 4 | 1 | 8 | 3 | 1/2 | 4 |

The | 16th " | 17 | 5 | 1/2 | 0 | 1 | 1 1/2 | |

The | 17th " | 17 | 4 | 1 | 8 | 2 | 1/2 | 4 |

The | 18th " | 17 | 4 | 4 | 2 | 1 1/2 | 8 | |

The | 19th " | 18 | 4 | 1 | 1 | 1 | ||

The | 20th " | 18 | 4 | 0 | 2 | 1 | ||

The | 21st " | 18 | 3 | 1 | 2 | |||

The | 22nd " | 19 | 2 | 1 1/2 | 1 | 1/2 | ||

The | 23rd " | 19 | 3 | 1/2 | 4 | 1 | 1 | 8 |

The | 24th " | 19 | 2 | 1 1/2 | 8 | 2 | 4 | |

The | 25th " | 20 | 3 | 1 | ||||

The | 26th " | 20 | 2 | 1 | 8 | 1 | 1/2 | 4 |

The | 27th " | 20 | 2 | 1/2 | 4 | 1 | 1 | 8 |

The | 28th " | 21 | 2 | 1/2 | 1 1/2 | |||

The | 29th " | 21 | 2 | 1 | ||||

The | 30th " | 21 | 1 | 1 1/2 | 1 | 1 1/2 | ||

The | 31st " | 22 | 1 | 1 | 1 | |||

The | 32nd " | 22 | 1 | 1/2 | 4 | 0 | 1 | 8 |

The | 33rd " | 22 | 1 | 8 | 1 1/2 | 4 | ||

The | 34th " | 23 | 1 1/2 | 1/2 | ||||

The | 35th " | 23 | 1 | 8 | 1/2 | 4 | ||

The | 36th " | 23 | 1 | 4 | 1/2 | 8 | ||

" | 37th of | pure gold |

Gold | Silver | Copper | ||||||

Duellae | Duellae | Sextulae | Siliquae | Duellae | Sextulae | Siliquae | ||

The | 1st of | 15 | 6 | 1 | 8 | 2 | 1/2 | 4 |

The | 2nd " | 15 | 6 | 4 | 2 | 1 1/2 | 8 | |

The | 3rd " | 15 | 5 | 1/2 | 3 | 1 1/2 | ||

The | 4th " | 16 | 6 | 1/2 | 1 | 1 1/2 | ||

The | 5th " | 16 | 5 | 1 | 8 | 2 | 1/2 | 4 |

The | 6th " | 16 | 4 | 1 1/2 | 8 | 3 | 4 | |

The | 7th " | 17 | 5 | 1 | 4 | 1 | 1/2 | 8 |

The | 8th " | 17 | 5 | 4 | 1 | 1 1/2 | 8 | |

The | 9th " | 17 | 4 | 1 | 4 | 2 | 1/2 | 8 |

The | 10th " | 18 | 4 | 1 | 1 | 1 | ||

The | 11th " | 18 | 4 | 2 | ||||

The | 12th " | 18 | 3 | 1 | 2 | 1 | ||

The | 13th " | 19 | 3 | 1 1/2 | 4 | 1 | 8 | |

The | 14th " | 19 | 3 | 1/2 | 4 | 1 | 1 | 8 |

The | 15th " | 19 | 2 | 1 1/2 | 4 | 2 | 8 | |

The | 16th " | 20 | 3 | 1 | ||||

The | 17th " | 20 | 2 | 1 | 1 | |||

The | 18th " | 20 | 2 | 2 | ||||

The | 19th " | 21 | 2 | 1/2 | 4 | 1 | 8 | |

The | 20th " | 21 | 1 | 1 1/2 | 4 | 1 | 8 | |

The | 21st " | 21 | 1 | 1 | 8 | 1 | 1/2 | 4 |

The | 22nd " | 22 | 1 | 1 | 8 | 1/2 | 4 | |

The | 23rd " | 22 | 1 | 1 | 1 | |||

The | 24th " | 22 | 1 | 1/2 | 4 | 1 | 8 | |

The | 25th " | 23 | 1 1/2 | 4 | 8 | |||

The | 26th " | 23 | 1 1/2 | 1/2 | ||||

The | 27th " | 23 | 1 | 8 | 1/2 | 4 | ||

" | 28th " | pure gold |

The | 1st | needle is made of | 23 | parts of copper and | 1 | of silver |

The | 2nd | " | 22 | " | 2 | " |

The | 3rd | " | 21 | " | 3 | " |

The | 4th | " | 20 | " | 4 | " |

The | 5th | " | 19 | " | 5 | " |

The | 6th | " | 18 | " | 6 | " |

The | 7th | " | 17 | " | 7 | " |

The | 8th | " | 16 | " | 8 | " |

The | 9th | " | 15 | " | 9 | " |

The | 10th | " | 14 | " | 10 | " |

The | 11th | " | 13 | " | 11 | " |

The | 12th | " | 12 | " | 12 | " |

The | 13th | " | 11 | " | 13 | " |

The | 14th | " | 10 | " | 14 | " |

The | 15th | " | 9 | " | 15 | " |

The | 16th | " | 8 | " | 16 | " |

The | 17th | " | 7 | " | 17 | " |

The | 18th | " | 6 | " | 18 | " |

The | 19th | " | 5 | " | 19 | " |

The | 20th | " | 4 | " | 20 | " |

The | 21st | " | 3 | " | 21 | " |

The | 22nd | " | 2 | " | 22 | " |

The | 23rd | " | 1 | " | 23 | " |

The | 24th | of pure silver |

Copper | Silver | |||||

Semunciae | Sicilici | Semunciae | Sicilici | |||

The | 1st | is of | 15 | 1 | ||

The | 2nd | " | 14 | 1 | 1 | 1 |

The | 3rd | " | 14 | 2 | ||

The | 4th | " | 13 | 1 | 2 | 1 |

The | 5th | " | 13 | 3 | ||

The | 6th | " | 12 | 1 | 3 | 1 |

The | 7th | " | 12 | 4 | ||

The | 8th | " | 11 | 1 | 1 | |

The | 9th | " | 11 | 5 | ||

The | 10th | " | 10 | 1 | 5 | 1 |

The | 11th | " | 10 | 6 | 1 | |

The | 12th | " | 9 | 1 | 6 | 1 |

The | 13th | " | 9 | 7 | ||

The | 14th | " | 8 | 1 | 7 | 1 |

The | 15th | " | 8 | 8 | ||

The | 16th | " | 7 | 1 | 8 | 1 |

The | 17th | " | 7 | 9 | ||

The | 18th | " | 6 | 1 | 9 | 1 |

The | 19th | " | 6 | 10 | ||

The | 20th | " | 5 | 1 | 10 | 1 |

The | 21st | " | 5 | 11 | ||

The | 22nd | " | 4 | 1 | 11 | 1 |

The | 23rd | " | 4 | 12 | ||

The | 24th | " | 3 | 1 | 12 | 1 |

The | 25th | " | 3 | 13 | ||

The | 26th | " | 2 | 1 | 13 | 1 |

The | 27th | " | 2 | 14 | ||

The | 28th | " | 1 | 1 | 14 | 1 |

The | 29th | " | 1 | 15 | ||

The | 30th | " | 1 | 15 | 1 | |

The | 31st | of pure silver |

1st = | 100 | librae | = centumpondium |

2nd = | 50 | " | |

3rd = | 32 | " | |

4th = | 16 | " | |

5th = | 8 | " | |

6th = | 4 | " | |

7th = | 2 | " | |

8th = | 1 | libra |

9th = | 8 | unciae |

10th = | 8 | semiunciae |

11th = | 4 | " |

12th = | 2 | " |

13th = | 1 | semiuncia |

14th = | 1 | sicilicus |

15th = | 1 | drachma |

16th = | 1 | dimidi-drachma |

The | 1st | is called | 1 | centumpondium |

" | 2nd | " | 50 | librae |

" | 3rd | " | 25 | " |

" | 4th | " | 16 | " |

" | 5th | " | 8 | " |

" | 6th | " | 4 | " |

" | 7th | " | 2 | " |

" | 8th | " | 1 | " |

" | 9th | " | 1 | selibra |

" | 10th | " | 8 | semunciae |

" | 11th | " | 4 | " |

" | 12th | " | 2 | " |

" | 13th | " | 1 | " |

" | 14th | " | 1 | sicilicus |

1st | = | 112 | librae |

2nd | = | 64 | " |

3rd | = | 32 | " |

4th | = | 16 | " |

5th | = | 8 | " |

6th | = | 4 | " |

7th | = | 2 | " |

8th | = | 1 | " |

9th | = | 1 | selibra or 16 semunciae |

10th | = | 8 | semunciae |

11th | = | 4 | " |

12th | = | 2 | " |

13th | = | 1 | " |

The | 2nd | = | 12 | double sextulae |

" | 3rd | = | 6 | " |

" | 4th | = | 3 | " |

" | 5th | = | 2 | " |

" | 6th | = | 1 | " |

" | 7th | = | 2 | semi-sextulae or 4 semi-sextulae |

" | 8th | = | 1 | semi-sextula or 3 units of 4 siliquae each |

" | 9th | = | 2 | units of four siliquae each |

" | 10th | = | 1 | unit of four siliquae |

The | 1st | = | 16 | semunciae = 1 bes |

" | 2nd | = | 8 | semunciae |

" | 3rd | = | 4 | " |

" | 4th | = | 2 | " |

" | 5th | = | 1 | " or 18 units of 4 siliquae each |

" | 6th | = | 9 | units of 4 siliquae each |

" | 7th | = | 6 | " |

" | 8th | = | 3 | " |

" | 9th | = | 2 | " |

" | 10th | = | 1 | unit of 4 siliquae |

The | 1st | = | 16 | semunciae |

" | 2nd | = | 8 | " |

" | 3rd | = | 4 | " |

" | 4th | = | 2 | " |

" | 5th | = | 1 | " |

The | 6th | weight | = | 2 | drachmae |

" | 7th | " | = | 1 | drachma or 4 pfennige |

" | 8th | " | = | 2 | pfennige |

" | 9th | " | = | 1 | pfennig |

the | 1st | = | 12 | nummi = 1 bes |

" | 2nd | = | 6 | " |

" | 3rd | = | 3 | " |

" | 4th | = | 2 | " |

" | 5th | = | 1 | nummi = 24 units of 4 siliquae each |

" | 6th | = | 12 | units of 4 siliquae each |

" | 7th | = | 6 | " |

" | 8th | = | 3 | " |

" | 9th | = | 2 | " |

" | 10th | = | 1 | " |

The | 1st | = | 8 | unciae = 1 bes |

" | 2nd | = | 4 | unciae |

" | 3rd | = | 2 | " |

" | 4th | = | 1 | unciae or 4 sicilici |

" | 5th | = | 2 | sicilici |

" | 6th | = | 1 | sicilicus |

" | 7th | = | 18 | siliquae |

" | 8th | = | 9 | " |

" | 9th | = | 6 | " |

" | 10th | = | 3 | " |

" | 11th | = | 2 | " |

" | 12th | = | 1 | " |

Book 1 Book 2 Book 3 Book 4 Book 5 Book 6 Book 7 Book 8 Book 9 Book 10 Book 11 Book 12 Woodcuts